Elephants are large land mammals in two genera of the family Elephantidae, Elephas and Loxodonta. Three species of elephant are living today the African bush elephant, the African forest elephant and the Asian elephant (also known as the Indian elephant).
All other species and genera of Elephantidae are extinct, some since the last ice age although dwarf forms of mammoths may have survived as late as 2,000 BCE. Elephants and other Elephantidae were once classified with other thick-skinned animals in a now invalid order, Pachydermatous. Several subspecies of Elephas maximus have been identified using morphometric data and molecular markers.
This appendage also plays a key role in many social interactions – famous for their trumpet calls Familiar elephants will greet each other by entwining their trunks, much like a handshake. They also use them while play-wrestling, caressing during courtship and mother-child interactions, and for dominance displays.
A raised trunk can be a warning or threat, while a lowered trunk can be a sign of submission. Elephants can defend themselves very well by flailing their trunks at unwanted intruders or by grasping and flinging them.
Khao Kheow Open Zoo one of the major attractions of Bangkok has the Asian species of elephant. If you are in Thailand for an adventure with your family; Khao Kheow Open Zoo is not a place to be missed. Come and enjoy our 30 min elephant ride in to the forest.